Orion Convinces Sam to Flee

Mr. Clemens received notice of his appointment on the 27 of March, received his papers on the 20 of April. We then left Memphis on the 26, reached Keokuk again on the 27. Mr. C started to St. Louis that night. He left Keokuk on the 4 of July to visit his sister P. A. Moffett in St. Louis. There he met and prevailed on his brother Sam to go to his new home with him. They left Saint Louis on the 18 of July on the Sioux City, for St. Joe. There they took passage in the overland coach a mail conveyance which began to run daily between St. Joe Missouri and Sacramento California.

They left St. Joe, on the 26 of July, arrived in Carson City, Nevada Territory on the 14 of Au. 1700 miles from St. Joe, and 580 miles west of Great Salt Lake City.

Miners try to start a union

In May 1863, Comstock miners initiated efforts to form an association. The following year, the Storey County Miners’ League became the first sustained attempt at unionization of miners in the American West.

Organized during a local depression, the League called for a $4 minimum daily wage for underground work and demanded “closed shops,” insisting companies hire only union members. Mine owners crushed the incipient movement on the Comstock by blacklisting union members and relying on territorial governor James Nye to use military force.

Orion has to fix Nye’s mistake

Humbolt County officials ask Orion for rifles but Orion refuses until he knows that the people he’s sending it to are loyal to him and the Emancipation Proclamation. Before left in January for SF on his way to DC., he had hurriedly appointed some men with southern sympathies. Orion has to replace them as they begin to speak out and rule on county proclamations of support of Lincoln.